The term “periodontics” refers to the dental
specialty that pertains to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of
periodontal disease that affects the gums and jawbone. The gum tissues
serve to surround and support the teeth and the underlying jawbone
anchors teeth firmly in place.
Reasons for periodontal treatment
disease is a progressive condition which begins with mild gum
inflammation called gingivitis. It is the leading cause of tooth loss
in adults living in the developed world, and should be taken very
seriously. Periodontal disease (often called gum disease) is typically
signified by red, swollen, painful, or bleeding gums, but in some cases
has no noticeable symptoms. Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t
know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is
usually painless in the early stages.
disease generally begins when the bacteria living in plaque cause an
infection in the surrounding tissues of the teeth, causing them to
become irritated and painful. Eventually, this infection will; cause
the jawbone to recede and the tooth to become loose.
There are several reasons why periodontal treatment may be necessary:
Moderate/advanced gum disease – This occurs when the gums are bleeding, swollen or red around most teeth and the jawbone has begun to recede.
Localized gum recession
– The infection which propagates moderate or advanced gum disease often
begins in one area. Gum recession may also be caused due to over
brushing with a hard bristle brush, or due to a tooth that is not
positioned properly. Immediate treatment is required to prevent
Before crown lengthening – It may be necessary to lengthen the crown of the tooth by removing surrounding soft tissue to provide more tooth exposure.
the case of mild/moderate periodontal problems, the focus of Dr. Bunker and his entire hygiene team, will be on curing the underlying bacterial infection and
then providing advice on the most appropriate home cleaning methods.
a deep scaling is needed to remove the bacterial plaque and calculus
(tartar) from the teeth and tissues. Where periodontal disease is
advanced and the jawbone has regressed significantly, more intensive
cleaning may be recommended and loose teeth that cannot be saved will
Because periodontal disease
is progressive, it is essential to remove the bacteria and calculus
build up to halt the spread of the infection. Dr. Bunker will be
happy to advise you on effective cleaning methods and treatment
Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease: